cities of South America facts Selected as the most interesting among South America related questions in South America quiz What was the capital of Brazil, before Brasília took its place?Rio de Janeiro. Rio was the capital of Brazil from 1763 to 1960, both during the Portuguese colonial era and as an independent nation. With the population of 6.3 million, it is the second largest city in Brazil, after São Paulo (11M).Created by: Kasiageography of Brazil facts » Which architect designed the famous cathedral in Brasilia?Oscar Niemeyer. In 1956, Juscelino Kubitschek, newly elected Brazilian president, visited Niemeyer: ‘I am going to build a new capital for this country and I want you to help me’. Niemeyer organized a competition for the lay-out of Brasília, the new capital, and the winner was the project of his old master and great friend, Lúcio Costa. Niemeyer would design the buildings, Lucio the plan of the city. Created by: globalquiz.orgcathedrals facts » What is the most populous city in Brazil?São Paulo with its 11 Million inhabitants (up to 27M in Greater São Paulo) is the largest city not only in Brazil, but also the largest in the southern hemisphere and the Americas.Created by: KasiaBrazil facts » Where are favelas?Nn Brazil. A favela is a slum in Brazil. The original favela was built in 1897 on the Morro da Providência in Rio de Janeiro by the families of soldiers returning from the war against the settlers of Canudos. Their formations were disbanded and soldiers were left with no work and place to live. Created by: globalquiz.orggeography of South America facts » What is the population of Lima?Over 7 million. Lima is one of the largest and the oldest colonial city in the Americas. It was founded by Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro on January 18, 1535. The National University of San Marcos, founded on May 12, 1551, is the oldest continuously functioning university in the Americas.Created by: KasiaPeru facts » Which capital is that?Santiago de Chile. The city is flanked by the main chain of the Andes to the east and the Chilean Coastal Range to the west. The mountains around Santiago are quite tall; the tallest is the Tupungato volcano at 6,570 m (21,555 ft).Created by: KasiaChile facts » Play South America quiz and see all the questions.