Top 10 literature factsLiterature quiz
Which prizes were awarded to George Bernard Shaw?
Oscar and Nobel Prize. He was the first person to be awarded both Nobel Prize and Oscar. He got the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1925. Despite his disdain for Hollywood, Shaw also won the Academy Award for best written screenplay in 1938.
The Moomins were created as book characters by Tove Jansson. But who created their well known hippopotamus-like appearances?
Tove Jansson herself. Tove Jansson (pictured) was not only a writer, but also an illustrator. She created a series of comic books about the Moomins.
In which country is Hamlet's Castle?
In Denmark. Kronborg is a castle and stronghold in the town of Helsingør, Denmark. Immortalized as Elsinore in William Shakespeare's play Hamlet, Kronborg is one of the most important Renaissance castles in Northern Europe and has been added to UNESCO's World Heritage Sites list (2000).
Where do the names of Uranus moons (Ariel, Umbriel, Miranda, Titania, Oberon) come from?
Shakespeare's characters. William Herschel, Englishman, discoverer of Uranus and its major moons, was very patriotic for naming. He originally named Uranus as "George Star" to honour king of England, but the name was changed later.
Which famous novel was rejected by a number of publishers, so eventually its author had to pay the cost for publication himself?
In Search of Lost Time (Proust). André Gide was famously given the manuscript to read to advise on publication and rejected it. In early 1914, he wrote to Proust to apologize "The rejection of this book will remain one of the most stinging and remorseful regrets of my life".
Phillip K. Dick, author of SF novels that have been made into numerous films ("Blade Runner", "Minority Report", "Paycheck") denied the existence of a certain person. Who was that person?
Stanislaw Lem is a Polish SF writer, author of "Solaris". In 1974 Philip K. Dick (probably suffering from schizophrenia) sent the letter to the FBI stating that "Lem is probably a composite committee rather than an individual, since he writes in several styles and sometimes reads foreign, to him, languages (...) these people are Marxists (...) and a threat to our whole field of science fiction"
Which institution awards the Pulitzer prize?
Columbia University. Newspaper publisher Joseph Pulitzer gave money in his will to Columbia University to launch a journalism school and establish the Prize. The prizes are given annually to award achievements in journalism and photography, as well as literature and history, poetry, music and drama. The first Pulitzer Prizes were awarded in 1917.
Whose quotations are contained in the famous "Little Red Book"?
Mao Tse-Tung. In 1966, all regions across China were ordered to build hundreds of new printing houses to publish the "Quotations of Chairman Mao Tse-Tung". The most popular versions were printed in small sizes that could be easily carried and were bound in bright red covers, becoming commonly known in the West as the Little Red Book. The book was printed in about 1 billion copies, which makes its second only to the Holy Bible.
Which writer is the most prolific writer of all times?
Corín Tellado (1927- 2009) was a prolific Spanish writer of romantic novels and photonovels that were best-sellers in several Spanish-language countries. She published more than 5,000 titles and sold more than 400 million books which have been translated into several languages. She was listed in the 1994 Guinness World Records as having sold the most books written in Spanish, and earlier in 1962 UNESCO declared her the most read Spanish writer after Miguel de Cervantes.
What was a famous "Room 101" in George Orwell's novel "1984"?
A torture chamber. Room 101, introduced in the climax of the novel, is the basement torture chamber in the Ministry of Love, in which the Party attempts to subject a prisoner to his or her own worst nightmare, fear or phobia, with the object of breaking down their resistance. Orwell named Room 101 after a conference room at Broadcasting House where he used to sit through tedious meetings.