Top 10 Turkey facts Selected as the most interesting among history related questions in History quiz What kind of script is this 'graffiti', carved in Hagia Sophia in Constantinople around 9th century?Viking runes. Constantinople, called Miklagard by Vikings, hosted thousands of Vikings and Anglo-Saxons, who served as mercenaries of the Varangian Guard. They were famed for their battlefield skills and fierce, loyalty and drinking. They often fought for the Byzantine Empire, including fights with Arabs.Created by: MarcusXByzantine Empire facts » In which nation, the common surnames are: "unbeatable", "rock", "iron", "falcon", "steel" and "thunderbolt"?Among Turks. These warriors-like surnames are at the positions 2-7. The most common surneme in Turkey is Öztürk, meaning "pure Turk".Created by: Monica Stillersurnames facts » What is a falaka?Foot whipping. This criminal is being prepared to falaka, a type of punishment used in the Ottoman Empire and Middle East. Foot whipping is effective due to the clustering of nerve endings in the feet and the structure of the foot, with its numerous small bones and tendons. The wounds inflicted are particularly painful and take a long time to heal. Falaka was used for centuries as a way of torture and punishment.Created by: globalquiz.orgOttoman Empire facts » Who was recruited for the Janissaries, Ottoman Sultan's household troops and bodyguards?Christian children. When a Christian boy was recruited, first he would be sent to selected Turkish families to learn to speak Turkish and culture of Ottoman society. Later they were trained in tough Enderun school, eventually converting to Islam. The more talented ones received a higher standard of education to become engineers, architects, physicians and scientists. Janissaries belonged to the Sultan, carrying the title kapıkulu "slaves of the Porte".Created by: life-o-holichistory of Turkey facts » Whose heads lie on the slopes of Mount Nemrut, a major tourist attraction in Turkey?Various Greek and Iranian gods. Mount Nemrut is a 2,134 m (7,001 ft) high mountain in southeastern Turkey. Near the summit, a number of large statues of Greek and Iranian gods are erected around the royal tomb, which King Antiochus I Theos of Commagene built for himself in 62 BC. The heads of the statues have at some stage been removed from their bodies, and they are now scattered throughout the site.Created by: life-o-holicWorld Heritage Sites facts » Which major city is that?Istanbul. The city is easily recognizable due to Bosphorus strait dividing it into two parts located on different continents. Istambul's commercial and historical center is situated in Europe, while one third of its population live in Asia.Created by: Kasiageography of Turkey facts » What was the first name of Istanbul?Byzantium. In 660 BC, the city was founded as the colony of Megara and named to honour its king Byzas. In 324 AD, Constantine the Great made it an eastern capital of Roman Empire. The city was then renamed Nea Roma; however, most simply called it Constantinople.Created by: Kasiaancient Rome facts » Where is fez from?Morocco. The name of fez comes from the city of Fes, Morocco, where it became fashionable among Andalusian Arabs in the 17th century. The fez got widely popular in the Ottoman Empire after 1829, when Sultan Mahmud II ordered his civil officials to wear the plain fez, and also banned the wearing of turbans.Created by: Steve Lambertytraditional clothing facts » From which country did Bulgaria achieve independence in 1908?Ottoman Empire. Several Bulgarian revolts erupted throughout the nearly five centuries of Ottoman rule, including some Habsburg-backed ones. Bulgaria had been widely autonomous since 1878, after the Russo-Turkish War. It finally proclaimed independence following the Young Turk Revolution in the Ottoman Empire in 1908.Created by: globalquiz.orgBulgaria facts » Where was this photo taken?In Cappadocia. Cappadocia is a historical region in Central Anatolia (Turkey). Despite lack of sea, the area is a popular tourist destination mostly for its unique geological features. The rocks of Cappadocia eroded into hundreds of spectacular pillars and minaret-like forms, creating one of the most picturesque landscapes in the world.Created by: MarcusXtourist attractions facts » Play history quiz and see all the questions.