Sun facts Selected as the most interesting among astronomy related questions in Astronomy quiz What is larger on the sky: the Moon or the Sun? (by apparent size)Sometimes the Moon, sometimes the Sun. The Moon's orbit is elliptical, and its apparent diameter varies by 10%. This is why both total eclipses (if the Moon is larger) and annular eclipses (if the Sun is larger) happen.Created by: pan KrzyżówkaMoon facts » In which month is the Earth closest to the Sun?In January. Earth's perihelion occurs around January 3, and the aphelion around July 4. The distance change is about 3.5%, which gives 6.9% increase in solar energy reaching the Earth at perihelion relative to aphelion. Since the southern hemisphere is tilted toward the perihelion, the southern hemisphere receives more energy from the Sun than does the northern over the course of a year. Created by: globalquiz.orghard simple questions facts » How long does it take the sunlight to reach the Earth?8 minutes. The distance from Earth to the Moon is 1.2 light seconds. The distance to the nearest star (Proxima Centauri) is 5.46 years.Created by: Hitter smasherlight facts » When is the Sun directly overhead (at the zenith) in Rome?Never. Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn mark the northernmost and southernmost latitudes at which the sun may be seen directly overhead. Since the whole Europe is north of Tropic of Cancer, it is impossible to see sun at the zenith there.Created by: Софияastronomy facts » Which chemical element has been named after the Sun?Helium was first discovered in 1868 as the unexpected line in the spectrum of the chromosphere of the Sun - and so it was named after the Greek word Helios (Sun).Created by: Shankar Kumarelements facts » When was a photovoltaic cell invented?1839. The first experimental photovoltaic cell has been built by Edmund Becquerel, French physicist aged 19 at the time, in his father garage in 1839. In 1883 Charles Fritts created the first solid state cell. Created by: smyruclimate change facts » How many years does the activity of Sun increase?11 years. Basic period of time in which the activity of Sun is increasing is 11 years. It is visible on the chart.Created by: Katarzyna Dąbrowskauniverse facts » Play astronomy quiz and see all the questions.