Top 10 Peru facts Selected as the most interesting among South America related questions in South America quiz In South America, what is the typical reason for breeding guinea pigs?Food. Guinea Pig is traditional food in the Andes. Peruvians consume an estimated 65 million guinea pigs each year. Since the 1960s, efforts have been made to increase consumption of the animal outside South America.Created by: Kasiarodents facts » The Pacific War took place in the South America in years 1879 to 1883. Which territory was the conflict zone?Atacama Desert. In the 19th century, there were no clear borders defined between Peru, Bolivia and Chile in the area of the Atacama desert. This became a problem with the discovery of valuable sodium nitrate deposits in the area.Created by: KasiaBolivia facts » What is the most widely spoken language family of the indigenous peoples of the Americas?Quechua is spoken in the Andes by some 8 to 10 million speakers. Today, Quechua has the status of an official language in Bolivia and Peru, along with Spanish.Created by: globalquiz.orgIndians facts » Which language do words puma, condor and coca come from?Quechua had already expanded across wide ranges of the central Andes long even before the Incas. In fact, the Cuzco variety was not the more widespread. Today, the language and its vocabulary is still popular in the Andes. In rural Bolivia, many Quechua words are as commonly used as their Spanish counterparts, even in entirely Spanish-speaking areas. Created by: globalquiz.orgAmerindians facts » Which South American country has the largest fishing industry? Peru has the most productive fisheries in the world thanks to the currents “Humboldt” and “El Niño”, which converge bringing nutrients-rich water to the surface. Peru's fishing sector led the world during the mid-1960s. The production since then has fluctuated radically because of overfishing. Today, Peru's fishing industry is still the second largest in the world. Created by: globalquiz.orgfishing facts » What is the population of Lima?Over 7 million. Lima is one of the largest and the oldest colonial city in the Americas. It was founded by Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro on January 18, 1535. The National University of San Marcos, founded on May 12, 1551, is the oldest continuously functioning university in the Americas.Created by: Kasiacities of South America facts » Where do guinea pigs come from?The Andes. Guinea pigs are neither pigs nor from Guinea. The origin of its common name is unclear, it may be a re-analysis of "Guyana", though they originate from the Andes and not Guyana.Created by: Kasiaanimals of South America facts » Of which country was Alberto Fujimori President?Peru. A Peruvian of Japanese descent, Fujimori was president of Peru from 1990 to 2000. He fled to Japan in 2000 amidst a corruption scandal. In April 2009, Fujimori was convicted of human rights violations against leftist guerillas, and sentenced to 25 years in prison.Created by: globalquiz.orgpoliticians facts » What was the capital of the Inca Empire?Cuzco. The city is located at the elevation of 3,400 m (11,200 ft). In 2007, it had a population of 358,935. The Spanish conquistadors adopted the local name, transliterating it into Spanish as Cuzco. In 1976, it was changed to Cusco, and in 1990, to Qosqo. However, older spelling (with the most common Cuzco) is also accepted.Created by: Hitter smasherhistory of South America facts » What is the capital city of Peru?Lima is old - it was founded by Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro in 1535. The National University of San Marcos, founded in 1551, is the oldest continuously functioning university in the Americas.Created by: globalquiz.orgSouth America facts » Play South America quiz and see all the questions.