Top 10 medicine facts Selected as the most interesting among medicine related questions in Medicine quiz Which diseases are exceptionally common among Amishes?Genetic disorders. Since almost all Amish descend from about 200 18th-century founders, genetic disorders that come out due to inbreeding increase the mortality rate among Amish children. In contrast, cancer rates are 56 percent of the national rate.Created by: Kasiagenetics facts » Who popularized heroin?Bayer pharmaceuticals. During 1898-1913, heroin was a major product of the company, advertised and shipped worldwide. After withdrawal of heroine, the next Bayer's major product was aspirin.Created by: globalquiz.orghistory of Germany facts » Which infectious agent causes diseases that are the most difficult to cure?Prion. All known prion diseases affect the structure of the brain or other neural tissue and all are currently untreatable and universally fatal. This includes bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE, also known as "mad cow disease") in cattle and Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease (CJD) in humans.Created by: globalquiz.orgprions facts » Which animals are the most threatened by a prion disease?Sheep. Scrapie is infectious and incurable. Recent studies suggest prions may be spread through urine and persist in the environment for decades. Scrapie occurs in Europe and North America, but to date, Australia and New Zealand (both major sheep-producing countries) are scrapie-free.Created by: ex-terminatordiseases facts » Europeans brought many diseases to the Americas. Which disease was carried back?Syphilis was present in the Americas before European contact. It was carried from the Americas to Europe by the returning crewmen from Christopher Columbus's voyage. The first outbreak of syphilis in Europe occurred in 1494 in Naples, Italy, during a French invasion.Created by: globalquiz.orgIndians facts » Who is more likely to be colorblind?Men. It is much less likely for a woman to be red-green colorblind than a man, since this common type of color blindness is caused by a recessive gene in the X chromosome. For a woman, both of her X chromosomes would have to be affected. A man only has one X chromosome, so he is more likely to be color-blind.Created by: Mike Stanawaycolors facts » How many bones does an adult human have?206. At birth, there are over 270 bones in an infant human's body, but many of these fuse together as the child grows (in the skull, vertebral column etc.), leaving a total of 206 separate bones in an adult.Created by: Kasiabones facts » Lactose intolerance is a frequent reason to avoid milk and dairy products. What is lactose?A sugar. Lactose is a disaccharide sugar that makes up around 2-8% of milk. Lactose intolerance is not an allergy. It is the inability to digest lactose due to insufficient levels of lactase, the enzyme that metabolizes lactose into glucose and galactose.Created by: Kasiafood facts » The Rh blood group system was discovered by Karl Landsteiner and Alexander S. Wiener. With whose blood were they experimenting?Rhesus Macaque. "Rh" stands for "Rhesus". Due to its relatively easy upkeep in captivity and anatomical closeness to humans, rhesuses have been used extensively in medical research.Created by: Kasiablood facts » Which infectious agent is the most resistant to sterilization?Prion. The smaller the agent, the more difficult it is to destroy it. Prions are quite resistant to proteases, heat, radiation, and formalin treatments. 134°C (274°F) for 18 minutes in a pressurized steam autoclave may not be enough to deactivate the agent of disease. Prions may last for decades in the environment.Created by: globalquiz.orgbiology facts » Play medicine quiz and see all the questions.