Top 10 history of Europe facts Selected as the most interesting among history related questions in History quiz In which city did Charlemagne, King of the Franks, reside?Aachen (modern Germany). The geography of the Kingdom of Franks varied over time, but it was centered on the Rhine and Meuse rivers in northern Europe. Charlemagne himself probably spoke a Rhenish Franconian dialect of Old High German. Eventually, the singular use of the name Francia shifted towards the region of Paris.Created by: globalquiz.orgkings of Europe facts » On which language is Italian standard language based?Tuscan, specifically its Florentine variety, became the language of culture for all the people of Italy, thanks to the prestige of the masterpieces of Dante Alighieri, Francesco Petrarca, Giovanni Boccaccio and Niccolò Machiavelli. It would later become the official language of all the Italian states and of the Kingdom of Italy, when it was formed. Only 2.5% of Italy’s population could speak the Italian standardized language properly when the nation unified in 1861.Created by: Paul Caspackhistory of Italy facts » Which European country other than Yugoslavia faced civil war after World War II?Greece. The Greek Civil War, was fought from 1946 to 1949 between the Greek government army—backed by the UK and US — and the communist Democratic Army of Greece, backed by Bulgaria, Yugoslavia and Albania. It is estimated that 158,000 people were killed.Created by: globalquiz.orgCold War facts » Which European country is currently not neighboring any more any of the countries it had a border with in 1980?Poland. Back in 1980, Poland had land borders with Soviet Union, Czechoslovakia and German Democratic Republic. Today it is neighboring Germany, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Ukraine, Belarus, Lithuania and Russia.Created by: Monica StillerPoland facts » The Nazi regime called itself the III Reich. Which was the first?The Holy Roman Empire. Holy Roman Empire lasted from 962 to 1806 (it was eventually dissolved during the Napoleonic Wars). The II Reich was the German Empire of 1871-1918.Created by: life-o-holicNazis facts » Which was the last large nation to enter and settle in Europe?Hungarians. The possible homeland of the Hungarians was situated at the regions of Southern Ural. In 895/896, after several centuries of migration, they crossed the Carpathians and entered the Carpathian Basin. The land was inhabited only by a sparse population of Slavs, who were either assimilated or enslaved by the Hungarians.Created by: globalquiz.orgHungary facts » Which large country in Europe was not affected by Black Death?Poland. Historians aren't sure why Poland was spared the worst of the plague, even though all its neighbours got depopulated. It was the only place not affected by the disease on the European continent (Iceland was also spared because it was rarely visited and Black Death never reached there).Created by: globalquiz.orgdiseases facts » Which European country used to have its capital outside Europe?Portugal. On November 29,1807, Braganza royal family and its court of nearly 15,000 people escaped from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro, shortly before Napoleonic forces invaded Lisbon. For thirteen years, Rio de Janeiro functioned as the capital of the Kingdom of Portugal.Created by: globalquiz.orghistory of Portugal facts » From which country did the Netherlands gain independence in 1579?Spain. Dutch struggle for independence lasted for 80 years between the Union of Utrecht in 1569 and the Peace of Münster in 1648.Created by: globalquiz.orghistory of Spain facts » How many medals did Poland win at the 1912 Olympic Games in Stockholm?None. In 1912 the Central Europe was divided between Germany, Russia and Austria-Hungary. Countries like Poland or Czechoslovakia emerged after the First World War.Created by: Marcin Gajda20th century facts » Play history quiz and see all the questions.