Top 10 geography of China facts Selected as the most interesting among China related questions in China quiz Which country is the second largest in the world? (by land area)China. Although Canada is second-largest in the world in the total area (after Russia), it drops down to fourth place, after China and the U.S., if water is excluded.Created by: Kasiacountry records facts » What is the population of the Republic of China?23 million. Officially, the government of Republic of China, known as Taiwan, has claimed sovereignty over all of China. From 1949 to the 1970s, the primary mission of the military was to "retake the mainland", but it has shifted to defense now.Created by: globalquiz.orgTaiwan facts » Which city has the largest number of buildings taller than 100m?Hong Kong lost its leadership to Dubai if only high-rise skyscrapers above 300m are counted. But in category "over 100m", its position is safe with over 2300 buildings. It is followed by New York City with less than 800.Created by: globalquiz.orgskyscrapers facts » Where is Beijing?At point 1. Beijing is located in northern China. Its name, which means "Northern Capital", was applied to the city in 1403 during the Ming Dynasty to distinguish the city from Nanjing (the "Southern Capital").Created by: globalquiz.orgFar East facts » What is the name of this distinctive sandy desert north to Tibet?Taklamakan is the world's second largest shifting sand desert with about 85% made up of shifting sand dunes. Because it lies in the rain shadow of the Himalayas, Taklamakan is a paradigmatic cold desert climate. During the 2008 Chinese winter storms episode, the Taklamakan was reported to be covered for the first time in its entirety with a thin layer of snow reaching 4 centimeters (1.6 in).Created by: globalquiz.orgdeserts facts » Which country has the longest combined land border?China's combined land border measures 22,117 km (13,743 mi) from the mouth of the Yalu River to the Gulf of Tonkin. China borders 14 nations, more than any other country except Russia, which also borders 14.Created by: globalquiz.orgborders facts » How is Japan often called?Land of the rising Sun. Nippon, the native name of Japan, means "sun-origin". The nomenclature "Land of the Rising Sun" comes from Japanese missions to Imperial China and refers to Japan's eastward position relative to China.Created by: globalquiz.orggeography of Japan facts » Where is Shanghai?At point 2. Shanghai is the largest city by population in the People's Republic of China. It is located in the delta of the Yangtze.Created by: globalquiz.orgmaps facts » Where is Lhasa?At point 4. Located at the bottom of a small basin surrounded by the Himalaya Mountains, Lhasa has an elevation of about 3,600 m (11,800 ft). The air only contains 68% of the oxygen compared to sea level.Created by: globalquiz.orggeography of Asia facts » Where is Hong Kong?At point 2. Hong Kong is situated in the Pearl River Delta.Created by: globalquiz.orgChina facts » Play China quiz and see all the questions.