Top 10 Brazil facts Selected as the most interesting among South America related questions in South America quiz What was the capital of Brazil, before Brasília took its place?Rio de Janeiro. Rio was the capital of Brazil from 1763 to 1960, both during the Portuguese colonial era and as an independent nation. With the population of 6.3 million, it is the second largest city in Brazil, after São Paulo (11M).Created by: Kasiacities of South America facts » Which architect designed the famous cathedral in Brasilia?Oscar Niemeyer. In 1956, Juscelino Kubitschek, newly elected Brazilian president, visited Niemeyer: ‘I am going to build a new capital for this country and I want you to help me’. Niemeyer organized a competition for the lay-out of Brasília, the new capital, and the winner was the project of his old master and great friend, Lúcio Costa. Niemeyer would design the buildings, Lucio the plan of the city. Created by: globalquiz.orgcathedrals facts » Which European country used to have its capital outside Europe?Portugal. On November 29,1807, Braganza royal family and its court of nearly 15,000 people escaped from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro, shortly before Napoleonic forces invaded Lisbon. For thirteen years, Rio de Janeiro functioned as the capital of the Kingdom of Portugal.Created by: globalquiz.orghistory of Portugal facts » Which large river flows through Rio de Janeiro? ("rio" is Portuguese for "river")None. Portuguese were the Europeans who encountered Guanabara Bay on January 1,1502. They took it for a large river, which they named "Rio de Janeiro" ("January River"). Later it was discovered, that the presumed river was in fact a gulf, but the name remained.Created by: globalquiz.orgAge of Discovery facts » What is the most populous city in Brazil?São Paulo with its 11 Million inhabitants (up to 27M in Greater São Paulo) is the largest city not only in Brazil, but also the largest in the southern hemisphere and the Americas.Created by: Kasiageography of Brazil facts » This is Schlumbergera, commonly called Christmas Cactus, because it flowers in winter. How is it called in southeast Brazil, where it occurs in the wild?Flor de Maio (May flower). In Brazil, the genus is referred to as Flor de Maio (May flower), reflecting the period in which they flower in the Southern Hemisphere.Created by: globalquiz.orgflowers facts » How many Portuguese-speaking countries are there in the Americas?One. It is Brazil.Created by: globalquiz.orggeography of South America facts » Which country has the largest forested area? (by total size)Russia is by far the largest country in the world, and 45% of its area is forested. That gives almost twice as large forested area as in Brazil.Created by: globalquiz.orggeography of Russia facts » This is one of the largest cities in the world. Which one?São Paulo is about 79 km (49 mi) from Santos, the busiest container port in Latin America - visible at the bottom of the photo.Created by: globalquiz.orgsatellite photos facts » Where are favelas?Nn Brazil. A favela is a slum in Brazil. The original favela was built in 1897 on the Morro da Providência in Rio de Janeiro by the families of soldiers returning from the war against the settlers of Canudos. Their formations were disbanded and soldiers were left with no work and place to live. Created by: globalquiz.orgcities facts » Play South America quiz and see all the questions.