What was the reason to build Canberra for Australian capital, rather than selecting one of the existing large cities?

safe location far from the sea
wish of the Indigenous Australians
low land price
dispute between Sydney and Melbourne
Debates over Fed­er­a­tion in the late 19th century were dom­i­nat­ed by a long dispute over whether Sydney or Mel­bourne should be the national capital. A com­pro­mise was reached: the new capital would be built in New South Wales, at least 100 miles (160 km) from Sydney.

Answers distribution

safe location far from the sea
wish of the Indigenous Australians
low land price
dispute between Sydney and Melbourne
answers
flagGermany
8%
6%
5%
79%
290
flagFrance
5%
0%
10%
79%
74
flagBelgium
2%
0%
14%
79%
34
flagAustralia
9%
1%
6%
78%
65
flagthe Netherlands
6%
8%
6%
76%
73
flagUkraine
10%
7%
7%
75%
28
flagItaly
10%
4%
11%
73%
68
flagthe United Kingdom
11%
7%
7%
71%
572
flagCanada
5%
11%
9%
71%
77
flagPoland
11%
7%
9%
70%
18479
flagSpain
11%
9%
8%
68%
61
flagAustria
11%
6%
13%
66%
45
flagRepublic of Ireland
11%
5%
15%
65%
69
flagDenmark
10%
17%
3%
65%
29
flagSweden
14%
5%
17%
61%
34
flagMexico
21%
6%
8%
60%
187
flagUnknown
16%
14%
6%
59%
89
flagthe United States
15%
11%
12%
57%
738
flagIndia
18%
7%
14%
57%
76
flagNorway
11%
16%
11%
55%
36

Gender

men70%
women67%
safe location far from the sea
12%
11%
wish of the Indigenous Australians
6%
8%
low land price
9%
11%
dispute between Sydney and Melbourne
70%
67%

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What was the reason to build Canberra for Australian capital, rather than selecting one of the existing large cities?
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Author: Kasia
Illustration: Richard Gifford
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