What was the reason to build Canberra for Australian capital, rather than selecting one of the existing large cities?

safe location far from the sea
wish of the Indigenous Australians
low land price
dispute between Sydney and Melbourne
Debates over Fed­er­a­tion in the late 19th century were dom­i­nat­ed by a long dispute over whether Sydney or Mel­bourne should be the national capital. A com­pro­mise was reached: the new capital would be built in New South Wales, at least 100 miles (160 km) from Sydney.

Answers distribution

safe location far from the sea
wish of the Indigenous Australians
low land price
dispute between Sydney and Melbourne
answers
flagBelgium
3%
0%
12%
81%
33
flagGermany
8%
6%
5%
79%
286
flagFrance
5%
0%
10%
79%
73
flagAustralia
8%
1%
6%
78%
61
flagthe Netherlands
6%
8%
6%
76%
72
flagthe United Kingdom
12%
7%
7%
70%
555
flagUkraine
12%
8%
8%
70%
24
flagPoland
11%
7%
9%
69%
17833
flagCanada
5%
11%
10%
69%
69
flagItaly
10%
5%
14%
69%
56
flagSpain
11%
9%
8%
68%
61
flagDenmark
7%
18%
3%
66%
27
flagAustria
11%
6%
13%
65%
43
flagRepublic of Ireland
11%
5%
16%
64%
68
flagMexico
21%
6%
8%
60%
187
flagSweden
15%
6%
18%
60%
33
flagIndia
18%
8%
14%
57%
75
flagthe United States
16%
11%
12%
56%
720
flagUnknown
14%
19%
8%
56%
57
flagNorway
11%
16%
11%
55%
36

Gender

men70%
women67%
safe location far from the sea
12%
11%
wish of the Indigenous Australians
6%
8%
low land price
9%
12%
dispute between Sydney and Melbourne
70%
67%

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What was the reason to build Canberra for Australian capital, rather than selecting one of the existing large cities?
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Author: Kasia
Illustration: Richard Gifford
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