What was the cause of Pont-Saint-Esprit mass poisoning in 1951, during which "the city went mad"?

Leaking from a nuclear power plant
CIA tests using LSD
Ergot
Herbicides
The 1951 Pon­t-­Sain­t-E­sprit mass poi­son­ing occurred in the small town of Pon­t-­Sain­t-E­sprit in southern France. More than 250 people suffered hal­lu­ci­na­tions and other nervous system dis­tur­bances, leading to 50 persons being interned in asylums and 7 deaths. A food­borne illness was sus­pect­ed, and among these it was orig­i­nal­ly believed to be a case of "cursed bread". Most academic sources accept ergot poi­son­ing as the cause of the epi­dem­ic.

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Leaking from a nuclear power plant
CIA tests using LSD
Ergot
Herbicides
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flagPoland
10%
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49%
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flagUnknown
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men52%
women66%
Leaking from a nuclear power plant
9%
0%
CIA tests using LSD
30%
25%
Ergot
52%
66%
Herbicides
7%
8%

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What was the cause of Pont-Saint-Esprit mass poisoning in 1951, during which "the city went mad"?
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