What was the capital of Brazil, before Brasília took its place?

São Paulo
Pernambuco
Rio de Janeiro
Recife
Rio was the capital of Brazil from 1763 to 1960, both during the Por­tuguese colonial era and as an in­de­pen­dent nation. With the pop­u­la­tion of 6.3 million, it is the second largest city in Brazil, after São Paulo (11M).

Answers distribution

São Paulo
Pernambuco
Rio de Janeiro
Recife
answers
flagUkraine
13%
0%
79%
3%
29
flagGermany
21%
2%
71%
3%
342
flagSweden
20%
5%
71%
2%
35
flagPoland
24%
3%
69%
2%
19468
flagUU
27%
0%
67%
4%
43
flagIndia
24%
5%
65%
3%
79
flagthe United Kingdom
30%
2%
64%
1%
614
flagRepublic of Ireland
29%
2%
64%
3%
79
flagDenmark
29%
2%
64%
0%
37
flagCanada
27%
0%
63%
8%
74
flagthe Netherlands
28%
5%
63%
2%
73
flagBelgium
34%
3%
62%
0%
32
flagthe United States
27%
5%
61%
3%
890
flagFrance
30%
4%
61%
4%
73
flagItaly
30%
1%
61%
2%
71
flagAustralia
29%
4%
60%
6%
48
flagNorway
36%
2%
60%
0%
46
flagAustria
31%
5%
60%
2%
35
flagSpain
36%
0%
59%
0%
61
flagMexico
36%
2%
57%
2%
194

Gender

men66%
women67%
São Paulo
26%
27%
Pernambuco
3%
3%
Rio de Janeiro
66%
67%
Recife
3%
1%

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What was the capital of Brazil, before Brasília took its place?
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Author: Kasia
Illustration: Jacek Karczmarczyk
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