What happens if a chess player wants to promote his pawn to a queen (after reaching the eighth rank), but his queen is still on the chessboard?

he must choose another piece
he must wait until the queen is available
he wins the game
he may use any item as the extra queen
Since the queen is the most powerful piece, the vast majority of pro­mo­tions in prac­ti­cal play are to a queen. If the queen is not avail­able, the official rules are that the player should stop the game clock and summon the arbiter for the correct piece. In casual play, an up­side-­down rook may be used to des­ig­nate a queen. Some finer sets do include an extra queen of each color.

Answers distribution

he must choose another piece
he must wait until the queen is available
he wins the game
he may use any item as the extra queen
answers
flagItaly
10%
0%
10%
80%
10
flagthe United Kingdom
19%
13%
12%
54%
87
flagthe Netherlands
27%
16%
5%
50%
18
flagthe United States
16%
24%
12%
44%
54
flagGermany
20%
23%
12%
43%
64
flagPoland
25%
21%
11%
41%
5368
flagNorway
15%
40%
10%
35%
20
flagUnknown
33%
24%
11%
30%
678
flagRepublic of Ireland
8%
41%
33%
16%
12

Gender

men37%
women43%
he must choose another piece
31%
14%
he must wait until the queen is available
20%
27%
he wins the game
10%
14%
he may use any item as the extra queen
37%
43%

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What happens if a chess player wants to promote his pawn to a queen (after reaching the eighth rank), but his queen is still on the chessboard?
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Illustration: Liz West
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