What happens if a chess player wants to promote his pawn to a queen (after reaching the eighth rank), but his queen is still on the chessboard?

he must choose another piece
he must wait until the queen is available
he wins the game
he may use any item as the extra queen
Since the queen is the most powerful piece, the vast majority of pro­mo­tions in prac­ti­cal play are to a queen. If the queen is not avail­able, the official rules are that the player should stop the game clock and summon the arbiter for the correct piece. In casual play, an up­side-­down rook may be used to des­ig­nate a queen. Some finer sets do include an extra queen of each color.

Answers distribution

he must choose another piece
he must wait until the queen is available
he wins the game
he may use any item as the extra queen
answers
flagthe United Kingdom
20%
11%
10%
58%
60
flagthe Netherlands
25%
16%
0%
58%
12
flagGermany
14%
24%
14%
46%
49
flagPoland
22%
19%
12%
44%
2582
flagthe United States
20%
25%
13%
40%
44
flagNorway
12%
43%
12%
31%
16
flagUnknown
21%
35%
14%
28%
14

Gender

men47%
women46%
he must choose another piece
26%
13%
he must wait until the queen is available
15%
25%
he wins the game
9%
14%
he may use any item as the extra queen
47%
46%

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What happens if a chess player wants to promote his pawn to a queen (after reaching the eighth rank), but his queen is still on the chessboard?
65
46%

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Illustration: Liz West
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