What happens if a chess player wants to promote his pawn to a queen (after reaching the eighth rank), but his queen is still on the chessboard?

he must choose another piece
he must wait until the queen is available
he wins the game
he may use any item as the extra queen
Since the queen is the most powerful piece, the vast majority of pro­mo­tions in prac­ti­cal play are to a queen. If the queen is not avail­able, the official rules are that the player should stop the game clock and summon the arbiter for the correct piece. In casual play, an up­side-­down rook may be used to des­ig­nate a queen. Some finer sets do include an extra queen of each color.

Answers distribution

he must choose another piece
he must wait until the queen is available
he wins the game
he may use any item as the extra queen
answers
flagItaly
9%
0%
9%
81%
11
flagthe Netherlands
25%
15%
5%
55%
20
flagthe United Kingdom
18%
14%
12%
54%
97
flagthe United States
16%
23%
12%
45%
55
flagPoland
25%
20%
11%
41%
6022
flagGermany
21%
24%
13%
40%
69
flagNorway
15%
40%
10%
35%
20
flagUnknown
33%
24%
11%
30%
733
flagRepublic of Ireland
8%
41%
33%
16%
12
flagSwitzerland
42%
42%
7%
7%
14

Gender

men37%
women44%
he must choose another piece
31%
14%
he must wait until the queen is available
20%
26%
he wins the game
10%
14%
he may use any item as the extra queen
37%
44%

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What happens if a chess player wants to promote his pawn to a queen (after reaching the eighth rank), but his queen is still on the chessboard?
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Illustration: Liz West
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