Hindi, the official language of India, is closely related to Urdu, national language of Pakistan. Which of these two was the language of the court of the Mughal Empire?

Hindi
Urdu
both
none
These two va­ri­eties of Hin­dus­tani language are nearly iden­ti­cal in basic struc­ture and grammar, and at a col­lo­qui­al level also in vo­cab­u­lary and phonol­o­gy. Mutual in­tel­li­gi­bil­i­ty de­creas­es in literary and spe­cialised con­texts, which rely on educated vo­cab­u­lary drawn from dif­fer­ent sources; Hindi drawing its spe­cialised vo­cab­u­lary from San­skrit, whilst Urdu (used on the Muslim court) does so from Persian and Arabic.

Answers distribution

Hindi
Urdu
both
none
answers
flagFinland
11%
86%
2%
0%
43
flagSpain
0%
69%
16%
5%
36
flagItaly
15%
66%
11%
6%
59
flagGermany
13%
55%
19%
11%
190
flagIndia
7%
55%
25%
10%
90
flagCanada
13%
52%
26%
8%
46
flagUkraine
14%
50%
14%
21%
14
flagthe United Kingdom
17%
47%
20%
13%
333
flagPoland
14%
46%
21%
17%
10132
flagAustralia
22%
45%
22%
9%
22
flagAustria
15%
45%
25%
15%
20
flagNorway
14%
44%
22%
18%
27
flagDenmark
12%
43%
25%
18%
16
flagthe United States
15%
42%
27%
14%
408
flagthe Netherlands
5%
41%
33%
19%
36
flagSweden
18%
31%
37%
6%
16
flagFrance
14%
25%
35%
25%
28
flagRepublic of Ireland
26%
23%
34%
13%
38
flagUU
33%
23%
20%
20%
30
flagBelgium
16%
8%
41%
33%
12

Gender

men52%
women49%
Hindi
10%
11%
Urdu
52%
49%
both
17%
20%
none
19%
17%

Language versions

question
answers
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Hindi, the official language of India, is closely related to Urdu, national language of Pakistan. Which of these two was the language of the court of the Mughal Empire?
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Illustration: Indi Samarajiva
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