Hindi, the official language of India, is closely related to Urdu, national language of Pakistan. Which of these two was the language of the court of the Mughal Empire?

Hindi
Urdu
both
none
These two va­ri­eties of Hin­dus­tani language are nearly iden­ti­cal in basic struc­ture and grammar, and at a col­lo­qui­al level also in vo­cab­u­lary and phonol­o­gy. Mutual in­tel­li­gi­bil­i­ty de­creas­es in literary and spe­cialised con­texts, which rely on educated vo­cab­u­lary drawn from dif­fer­ent sources; Hindi drawing its spe­cialised vo­cab­u­lary from San­skrit, whilst Urdu (used on the Muslim court) does so from Persian and Arabic.

Answers distribution

Hindi
Urdu
both
none
answers
flagFinland
7%
90%
1%
0%
63
flagthe United Arab Emirates
10%
82%
6%
0%
47
flagGreece
13%
72%
11%
2%
36
flagSpain
2%
69%
16%
4%
42
flagItaly
17%
60%
14%
7%
97
flagthe Netherlands
5%
60%
17%
15%
85
flagGermany
13%
56%
17%
11%
276
flagDenmark
9%
54%
22%
13%
22
flagthe United Kingdom
16%
52%
18%
12%
571
flagIndia
9%
52%
29%
8%
121
flagNorway
15%
51%
20%
12%
39
flagCanada
15%
49%
24%
9%
53
flagPoland
15%
47%
20%
16%
16636
flagthe United States
15%
46%
25%
13%
523
flagAustralia
19%
46%
26%
7%
26
flagAustria
22%
44%
22%
11%
27
flagRepublic of Ireland
21%
37%
30%
8%
56
flagSweden
18%
36%
27%
15%
33
flagUnknown
19%
29%
25%
25%
824
flagFrance
19%
22%
38%
19%
36

Gender

men46%
women52%
Hindi
13%
12%
Urdu
46%
52%
both
19%
19%
none
20%
16%

Language versions

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answers
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Hindi, the official language of India, is closely related to Urdu, national language of Pakistan. Which of these two was the language of the court of the Mughal Empire?
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Illustration: Indi Samarajiva
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