History of South America questions This is a list of recently added questions about history of South America. Play history of South America quiz and see all the questions. To which country islands known as Islas Malvinas belong?United Kingdom. Islas Malvinas is the name used in Argentina for Falkland Islands. The islands are controlled by United Kingdom, however Argentina has also claimed the soverignty over the islands since it gained independence in 1816.Created by: globalquiz.orghard 47% ArgentinaArgentina5551ChileChile1808United KingdomUnited Kingdom7981NobodyNobody1405Argentina riddles » Who was the first European navigator to reach Brazil?Pedro Álvares Cabral. On 15 February 1500, Cabral was appointed a commander of a fleet sailing for India. he fleet crossed the Equator on 9 April, and sailed westward as far as possible from the African continent in what was known as the volta do mar (literally "turn of the sea") navigational technique. They landed in a land they took for an unknown island and named Ilha de Vera Cruz (Island of the True Cross), which in fact was Brazil.Created by: globalquiz.orgvery hard 33% Christopher ColumbusChristopher Columbus994Bartolomeu DiasBartolomeu Dias1934Pedro Álvares CabralPedro Álvares Cabral2609Amerigo VespucciAmerigo Vespucci2279Age of Discovery riddles » Which European country used to have its capital outside Europe?Portugal. On November 29,1807, Braganza royal family and its court of nearly 15,000 people escaped from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro, shortly before Napoleonic forces invaded Lisbon. For thirteen years, Rio de Janeiro functioned as the capital of the Kingdom of Portugal.Created by: globalquiz.orgaverage 68% SpainSpain2973FranceFrance1262PortugalPortugal10264GermanyGermany485history of Portugal riddles » Which country was ruled by this person?Venezuela. Hugo Chávez was the President of Venezuela from 1999 until his death in 2013. He was a highly controversial and divisive figure both at home and abroad. Created by: globalquiz.orgaverage 63% VenezuelaVenezuela10960BoliviaBolivia2733BraziliaBrazilia1111ColombiaColombia2471dictators riddles » What was the capital of the Inca Empire?Cuzco. The city is located at the elevation of 3,400 m (11,200 ft). In 2007, it had a population of 358,935. The Spanish conquistadors adopted the local name, transliterating it into Spanish as Cuzco. In 1976, it was changed to Cusco, and in 1990, to Qosqo. However, older spelling (with the most common Cuzco) is also accepted.Created by: Hitter smasheraverage 63% QuitoQuito1680LimaLima2092CuzcoCuzco13200TeotihuacanTeotihuacan3921Amerindians riddles » The word "Cannibals" was originally used as a name of certain people. How are they called today?Carib people. Many historians believe that cannibalism was rare or even non existent among Carib people. In 1503 Queen Isabella ruled that only people who were better off under slavery (especially cannibals) could legally be taken as slaves. This provided Spaniards an incentive for identifying various groups as cannibals to enslave them.Created by: Monica Stillerhard 51% EthiopiansEthiopians1268Carib peopleCarib people7775Dayaks of BorneoDayaks of Borneo3332Australian AboriginesAustralian Aborigines2618cannibalism riddles » Of which country was Alberto Fujimori President?Peru. A Peruvian of Japanese descent, Fujimori was president of Peru from 1990 to 2000. He fled to Japan in 2000 amidst a corruption scandal. In April 2009, Fujimori was convicted of human rights violations against leftist guerillas, and sentenced to 25 years in prison.Created by: globalquiz.orghard 50% JapanJapan6821AustraliaAustralia801PeruPeru13801SingaporeSingapore5751politicians riddles » Where was Che Guevara from?Argentina. Ernesto Guevara was born in Rosario, Argentina, the eldest of five children in an Argentine family of Spanish, Basque and Irish descent. His father, a staunch supporter of Republicans from the Spanish Civil War, often hosted many veterans from the conflict in the Guevara home.Created by: globalquiz.orghard 45% CubaCuba5631ArgentinaArgentina8717ColombiaColombia4110SpainSpain700communism riddles » The Pacific War took place in the South America in years 1879 to 1883. Which territory was the conflict zone?Atacama Desert. In the 19th century, there were no clear borders defined between Peru, Bolivia and Chile in the area of the Atacama desert. This became a problem with the discovery of valuable sodium nitrate deposits in the area.Created by: Kasiavery hard 25% Central AndesCentral Andes842Atacama DesertAtacama Desert1942PatagoniaPatagonia1951Falkland IslandsFalkland Islands2778Bolivia riddles » What was the capital of Brazil, before Brasília took its place?Rio de Janeiro. Rio was the capital of Brazil from 1763 to 1960, both during the Portuguese colonial era and as an independent nation. With the population of 6.3 million, it is the second largest city in Brazil, after São Paulo (11M).Created by: Kasiaaverage 69% São PauloSão Paulo8391PernambucoPernambuco1149Rio de JaneiroRio de Janeiro23083RecifeRecife690geography of Brazil riddles » Play South America quiz and see all the questions.